Management is basically the management of an organization, whether it’s a private non-profit entity with a state agency, or a large multinational company. It is also the process of decision-making, planning and organizing of the resources of any organization. Managers determine what employees do, how they do it, why they do it, and what goals they aim to achieve in a given period of time. The term “managers” has various other meanings that we’ll discuss below.
In a nutshell, management is the process by which individuals in charge of a given situation to direct the behavior of their subordinates. On the level of human beings, these behavior patterns are usually called “managers’ norms.” They guide managers on how to organize their work environment, their subordinates on what to do, how they should relate to one another, and how they should deal with external resources such as customers. Organizations have different norms, but the basic principle of management is organizing people, processes, and things so that they can perform their tasks in the way that best satisfies the needs and desires of their customers, employees, or whatever else they may be responsible for managing.
Managers should not only be competent in theory; they should be able to apply this theory practically. Their success lies on their ability to understand the direction of the organization and its people. Managers also need to develop effective leadership skills, since leadership is an essential element of management. This means that the better a manager knows his employees, the more efficiently he’ll be able to manage them.
The ability to problem-solve is an important part of effective management, since it allows managers to effectively handle problems that they are not capable of solving. A good manager must be able to recognize the problems his subordinates are having and then actively find a solution for it. Problem-solving is an important skill in communicating with subordinates, delegating tasks, and leading a team. It also helps in resolving conflicts and in motivating subordinates.
Communication is a vital aspect of organizational goals and success, and good managers must know how to communicate effectively with their subordinates and with other external sources. Managers should always be proactive in communicating with their employees and with customers, and they should do it right. They must make communication tools, such as verbal and written communication tools, freely available to their workers. A manager’s communication skills should be good enough to enable him to get things done in a timely fashion.
Finally, good management skills also help managers organize their work and their daily routines. It enables them to know where they need to be most efficiently at any given time and makes them aware of their relationships with other people in the organization. Effective managers create a work environment that is conducive to individual productivity, and they ensure that all people in the organization work smoothly and effectively. Organizationally sound managers create a work schedule that allows employees ample time for their specific tasks. In addition, these managers make sure that employees set and meet their objectives timely.